In a separation agreement, there may be additional family law issues for parents, including constitutions with a high degree of separation of powers worldwide. A number of Latin American countries have electoral branches of government. The term “trias politica” or “separation of powers” was coined by Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron of La Bréde and Montesquieu, a French philosopher of 18th-century social and political politics. His publication Spirit of the Laws is considered one of the great works in the history of political theory and jurisprudence and has inspired the Declaration of Human Rights and the Constitution of the United States. In his image, the political authority of the state is divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers. He said the three powers must be separated and act independently to promote freedom in the most effective way. 7. The system of control and other reciprocal links between state institutions lead to a divergence in the theoretical idea of the separation of powers from its rigorous and pure prototype. In the separation of powers, we can speak of a functional division, which means that the public authority should be divided into different areas, mainly legislative, executive and judicial. At the same time, there is an institutional separation that requires the allocation of these functions to different bodies or groups of bodies. In addition, there is a personal separation that aims to entrust the management of these organs to different people.
Today, the degree of separation in one country varies from country to country (heringa and Kiiver 23). 8. It should be noted that Marxist constitutionalism rejected the separation of powers. The constitutional systems of the so-called socialist states were based on the concept of unity of state authority. The state apparatus was built on the principle of centralism, in which Parliament was entrusted as the supreme body, by which “the working people” exercised authority, but real power was concentrated in the hands of the Politburo of the Communist Party (see socialism); Communism). During the English Civil War, parliamentarians considered that the English system of government was made up of three branches – the king, the House of Lords and the House of Commons – where the former had only executive powers and the latter two legislative powers.